Tempus was one of the first European activities by early 90 years helped open the way Czech universities to cooperate with Western European universities. The program, which many universities in the Czech Republic owes its development, this year celebrates the 20th birthday.
The then European Community in 1990 responded to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the Iron Curtain, and created a program aimed at assisting countries in Central and Eastern Europe in transition to democracy in higher education. The necessary modernization and reform of universities also benefited from Tempus and Czechoslovakia after the split of the common state was present between the countries involved or the Czech Republic.
Support for high schools was under different forms, from help in upgrading the curriculum across the board to improve management system of universities to assist in developing relationships with businesses and companies. The basic principle was always the same – several higher education institutions from EU member countries, assist with partner countries from Central and Eastern Europe through a structured partnership and prepared a detailed project. Played an important role in Tempus projects in particular to the experience and immediate cooperation between universities.
Czech Tempus participants were between 1990 and 2001 was very active especially in projects relating to those areas of education, which were important to the successful accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union. The newly established Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University (FSV) in Prague is due to become one of the important centers for obtaining information on policy and legislation.
According to Professor Lenka Straight from the Institute of International Studies Faculty of Social Sciences helped grant from Tempus, which the school won in 1999, not only to establish many important contacts, but also helped build a classroom equipped for European Studies top technical equipment. The same source also gave birth to today's Library of European Studies. "The project was to build a sustainable platform that will develop activities in the awareness of students and the general public about the European Union, to conduct research activities and training of various target groups of students from secondary schools and universities, despite public officials to NGO representatives and commercial sphere. The main output of this project was to create a Centre for European Studies and subsequent accreditation of master's degree program European Studies. The project was founded Tempus and civic associations EUROPEUM, which brings together doctoral students and sympathizers of the Department of West European Studies, and from which later the Institute for European policy, "says Lenka Straight.
University of the Czech Republic but also excelled in projects aimed at developing cooperation between universities and industry. University of Technology in 1993 was probably the first Czech university, who became interested in commercial exploitation of research results, and the Tempus projects implemented in 1996 and 1997 helped the Department of Technology Transfer. It helps to apply the results of university research in the business and industrial sector, thereby not only significantly promotes the development of schools, but also contributes to increasing the innovation potential of the South Moravian region and its economic development.
Success in the 90 Tempus years later led to its expansion, it has been gradually included in the successor republics of the Soviet Union, Western Balkan countries and some Mediterranean countries. After the Czech Republic joined the EU in May 2004 also significantly changed the role of Czech universities. They now accept help from others, as it was between 1990 and 2001, but instead have the opportunity to share their experiences and contribute to the modernization of university education in the new partner countries.
The motivation to keep participating in the Tempus says Mgr. Glogar Martin, coordinator for project support from the Center for International Studies at Masaryk University in Brno. "Tempus, we saw an opportunity to participate in the dissemination of European know-how in the field of education. The very first meetings we put out yet ethnocentric mistake – in practice is not a one-way transmission of experience from the projects benefit both parties. Motivate us but also the chances of spreading the good name of Masaryk University as Tempus has a prestigious position. Finally, we perceive the program as a way to establish cooperation with institutions in countries that today are often improperly located aside the interest of Czech universities. In addition, we have found that Tempus brings its fruits very quickly – our Israeli partners had recently called for us to prepare a joint mobility project, which we would like to finance through the European Erasmus Mundus "says Martin Glogar recent experience.
Tempus is currently already in its fourth phase, which is defined by the years 2007 and 2013, and still works as an important tool in support of university reforms in partner countries involved. Now it is part of the college states in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Western Balkans and the Mediterranean Sea. The European Commission perceives the important role played by higher education institutions in the transition to a knowledge economy and society. It is universities and their teachers in each country not only convey new knowledge and thus increase competitiveness, but also provide training new generations of leaders. Interested parties may participate in Tempus following calls for proposals, which every autumn announces Executive Agency of the European Commission. Tempus is not intended for individual applicants shall only partnership of universities and other organizations such as associations of rectors, research institutions or government authorities. The chance to succeed in the selection process of the European Commission is relatively small. „For example, this year academic experts selected from 450 proposals for new projects, Tempus and succeeded about 15 percent of them, of which 6 with Czech participation,“ said Teresa Babková of the House Foreign Service, the National Agency for European Educational Programmes at the CR acts as a national focal point of the program.
Tempus cooperation between universities and within its framework since 1990, contributing not only to build a successful higher education institutions in partner countries, but also leads to the creation of lasting and solid partnerships of universities. The occasion of the 20th anniversary program organized by the European Commission in March 2011 conference in the Serbian capital Belgrade and issues publication Tempus @ 20 Study, which will include case studies and examples of good practice for two decades of operation of the program.
** ** Contact: Teresa Babková / tereza.babkova @ naep.cz / 221 850 602
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