Team of researchers from the Institute of Nutrition, Animal Husbandry and animal hygiene Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology VFU Brno – prof. Dry, prof. Straková and Assoc. Herzig, in his research, looking for alternative food for livestock production, get to the other side of the globe.
In Australia, inspired by the extensive cultivation of the dandruff – herbs, which, because of its nutritional and dietetic properties could be nutritionally valuable feed in livestock production, but only that. Their results indicate that lupine can even take a permanent place in a healthy and nutritionally balanced diet of man.
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Lupinus genus includes about 300 kinds of single and multi-herbs. Many of them have grown for centuries in the Mediterranean region and was part of the human diet and also a popular animal feed. At the beginning of last century bred a new so-called „sweet“ lupins low in alkaloids, a bitter substance and high in protein. This marked the renewal of interest in this herb and its use and lupine become non-negligible source of high quality protein as in human nutrition and in animal nutrition.
Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus have a relatively low oil content, such as Lupinus mutabilis is about 18% oil and its composition is so close to soy. Dandruff contain antinutritional factors such as trypsin inhibitors and saponins. As a source of energy and competes with cereals as a source of protein meal of oil seeds. The value of lupine enhances the ability to complement the other food components, in order to achieve overall balance of nutrients. In recent years, especially in Europe, there is expansion of lupins as a food supplement.
For example, compare – the nutritional value of lupine seeds and soy popular, then we find that the lupine seeds are high in protein, the yellow lupine varieties even significantly higher than the protein content in soybeans. Compared to soy beans are grown lupine seeds in Europe is significantly lower crude fat. In oil seeds Lupin the high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids such as oleic acid and linoleic acid. Dietetic very favorable in the oil and Lupin's relationship ώ 3: ώ 6 fatty acids.
In comparison with other legume lupine seeds contain more beneficial dietary crude fiber. Lupin Fiber has the ability to lower cholesterol, improve bowel peristalsis and shorten transit time of intestinal contents of the digestive tract.
Lupin is also balanced rich in minerals and vitamins such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium and has a high content of manganese. Dandruff contain an average amount of carotenoids: β-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, tocopherols and other important bioactive components in terms of animals and humans.
Research has shown that the use of lupine seeds has a positive impact on animal health and product quality, which is secondarily reflected in the nutritional value of foodstuffs made from them. Inclusion of lupine seeds in animal feed had a positive impact on increasing production efficiency and product quality in cattle, pigs and poultry.
The current world's largest producer and exporter of lupine seeds as Australia, which provides 80 to 85% of world production. In Europe, one of the most important production areas lupine Germany, France, Benelux, Spain, Poland, Ukraine and Russia.
For more information contact:
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