Ph.D., DSc., Bc – you're not sure what's going on? To avoid the usual trapasům, we have prepared an overview of academic titles used in the Czech Republic.
After graduating from the high school graduates acquire the right to use academic titles. The academic title is part of the name. It is worth recalling that the title holder is in social contact only their name and surname, title of the present learn from the cards supplied. However, if a third party holder of the title, indicate only the highest achieved degree represented. Women with a degree in přechýleném We address each form (eg engineer, Ms., Dr., etc.)
What academic degrees, scientific degrees and other used scientific and educational titles in the CR occur and what is the correct writing?
Academic titles that are written before the name (when writing a text editor, do not forget the dot gap)
Bachelor – Bachelor – first level university degree BcA. – Bachelor of Arts – Graduate Bakal. shame. program in the arts Mgr. – Master – graduate university studies in universities, theological colleges and art (2nd grade University education) MA – Master of Arts – MA graduate stud. program in the arts (2nd level university education) Ing. engineer graduate studies at the technical university, economic and agricultural schools (2nd level university compl.) Ing. Architect – Engineer Architect – graduate architecture (2nd level university education) MD. – Doctor of Medicine – Graduate Medical School MDDr. – Dentist – a graduate degree program Dentistry DVM. – Veterinary Doctor – Veterinary College graduate Medicine JUDr. – Doctor of Laws – the title will Mgr. abs. Law School for rigorous defense work and passing rigorous state examination PhDr. – Doctor of Philosophy – Master degree obtained. in humanities, pedagogical and social sciences, a thesis defense, and execution advanced state examination PharmDr. – Doctor of Pharmacy – Master degree obtained. pharmacy after the thesis defense and composition rigorous state examination RNDr. – Doctor of Natural Sciences – Master degree obtained. abs. science faculties after the defense thesis and passing rigorous state examination Mgr. – Dr teacher. Sciences – (the title does not already) ThLic. – Licentiate of theology – the title of theologian. shame. programs will Mgr. after the defense thesis and passing rigorous state test (the area Catholic theology) ThD. – A doctor of theology – the title of theologian. shame. programs will Mgr. after the defense thesis and passing rigorous state exams (except area Catholic theology)
Academic degrees, which are written after the name (name and title are separated by commas) Ph.D. – Doctor of Philosophy (Science degree, awarded after the thesis defense and enforcement Doctoral Exam) Th.D. – Doctor of Theology (scientific degree in theology, like Ph.D.) PhD. – Candidate of Sciences (currently does not already) DSc. – Doctor of Science (today it does not already)
dr. hc – Doctor honoris causa (honorary doctorate), written after the name, separated by comma prof. – Professor – professors obtained after the procedure (written before the name and before any titles) Assoc. – Associate Professor – obtained the habilitation procedure (written before the name and before any titles) Sources: The rules of Czech orthography. Olomouc, 2003. Tarries, D-Katuščák, D-Findra, J.: The Academic Guide. Martin, 2006.
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